This post begins with a confession. Yes, I know it’s late, but aside from that, I had a real “duh” moment while researching and writing it. As often as I have seen, heard, read, spoken, and sung the terms God of gods, King of kings, and Lord of lords, today was the first time I was consciously aware that the first God, King, and Lord are capitalized and the second are in lower case.
For the Lord your God is God of gods and Lord of lords, the great, the mighty, and the awesome God, who is not partial and takes no bribe. Deuteronomy 10:17
The first time these titles of the God of Israel appear in the Bible is in Moses’ historical discourse as he prepared to turn over leadership to Joshua. The Israelites were surrounded by polytheistic cultures, and Moses was establishing YHWH’s supremacy over all other entities that were called gods. In addition, he was declaring God’s authority and control over earthly kings, princes, and other civil magistrates. These names were also used by David in Psalm 136:3.
The phrase King of kings and Lord of lords appears in the New Testament in 1 Timothy 6:15. Disagreement exists over whether this verse is referring to God the Father or God the Son, but I found no difference of opinion among scholars about the names King and Lord in Revelation. All my sources agreed that these verses refer to Jesus.
They will make war on the Lamb, and the Lamb will conquer them, for he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those with him are called and chosen and faithful.” Revelation 17:14
On his robe and on his thigh he has a name written, King of kings and Lord of lords. Revelation 19:16
Once again, the titles establish His authority over earthly kings, especially those in the ten-kingdom empire who “will make war on the Lamb.” Further, the use of the same name for the covenant God of the Old Testament and for the returning Messiah establish both the divinity of Jesus and that God the Father and God the Son are one and the same—two of the three persons of the triune God.
Other names of God that begin with L are:
For the Lord is our judge; the Lord is our lawgiver; the Lord is our king; he will save us. Isaiah 33:22
My lovingkindness and my fortress, my stronghold and my deliverer, my shield and He in whom I take refuge, who subdues my people under me. Psalm 144:2
The Lord is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The Lord is the stronghold of my life; of whom shall I be afraid? Psalm 27:1
So we have come to know and to believe the love that God has for us. God is love, and whoever abides in love abides in God, and God abides in him. 1 John 4:16
This is the message we have heard from him and proclaim to you, that God is light, and in him is no darkness at all. 1 John 1:5
Believer’s Bible Commentary by Williams MacDonald, Edited by Art Farstad; Thomas Nelson Publishers, Inc.; Nashville, TN; 1995